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2.Tolonen A, Gyorgy Z, Jalonen J, Neubauer P, Hohtola A. (2004) LC/MS/MS identi fi cation of glycosides produced by biotransformation of cinnamyl alcohol in Rhodiola rosea compact callus aggregates. Biomed Chromatogr. 2004 Oct;18(8):550.

3.De Bock K, Eijnde BO, Ramaekers M, Hespel P.(2004) Acute Rhodiola rosea intake can improve endurance exercise performance. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2004 Jun;14(3):298-307.

4.Kucinskaite A, Briedis V, Savickas A.(2004) [Experimental analysis of therapeutic properties of Rhodiola rosea L. and its possible application in medicine] Medicina (Kaunas). 2004;40(7):614-9.

5.Wing SL, Askew EW, Luetkemeier MJ, Ryujin DT, Kamimori GH, Grissom CK.(2004) Lack of effect of Rhodiola or oxygenated water supplementation on hypoxemia and oxidative stress. Wilderness Environ Med. 2003 Spring;14(1):9-16.

6.Cui S, Hu X, Chen X, Hu Z(2003) Determination of p-tyrosol and salidroside in three samples of Rhodiola crenulata and one of Rhodiola kirilowii by capillary zone electrophoresis. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2003 Sep;377(2):370-4. Epub 2003 Jul 19.

7.Zhu BW, Sun YM, Yun X, Han S, Piao ML, Murata Y, Tada M.(2003) Reduction of noise-stress-induced physiological damage by radices of Astragali and Rhodiolae: glycogen, lactic acid and cholesterol contents in liver of the rat. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2003 Sep;67(9):1930-6.

8.Song EK, Kim JH, Kim JS, Cho H, Nan JX, Sohn DH, Ko GI, Oh H, Kim YC.(2003) Hepatoprotective phenolic constituents of Rhodiola sachalinensis on tacrine-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells. Phytother Res. 2003 May;17(5):563-5.

9.Lei Y, Nan P, Tsering T, Bai Z, Tian C, Zhong Y.(2003) Chemical composition of the essential oils of two Rhodiola species from Tibet. Z Naturforsch [C]. 2003 Mar-Apr;58(3-4):161-4.

10.Shevtsov VA, Zholus BI, Shervarly VI, Vol'skij VB, Korovin YP, Khristich MP, Roslyakova NA, Wikman G.(2003) A randomized trial of two different doses of a SHR-5 Rhodiola rosea extract versus placebo and control of capacity for mental work. Phytomedicine. 2003 Mar;10(2-3):95-105.

11.Pashkevich IA, Uspenskaia IuA, Nefedova VV, Egorova AB.(2003) Comparative evaluation of effects of p-tyrosol and Rhodiola rosea extract on bone marrow cells in vivo Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2003 Jul-Aug;66(4):50-2.

12.Wu XL, Zeng WZ, Wang PL, Lei CT, Jiang MD, Chen XB, Zhang Y, Xu H, Wang Z.(2003) Effect of compound rhodiola sachalinensis A Bor on CCl4-induced liver fibrosis in rats and its probable molecular mechanisms. World J Gastroenterol. 2003 Jul;9(7):1559-62.

13.Nan JX, Jiang YZ, Park EJ, Ko G, Kim YC, Sohn DH.(2003) Protective effect of Rhodiola sachalinensis extract on carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003 Feb;84(2-3):143-8.

14.Wu S, Zu Y, Wu M.(2003) High yield production of salidroside in the suspension culture of Rhodiola sachalinensis. J Biotechnol. 2003 Dec 5;106(1):33-43.

15.Provalova NV, Skurikhin EG, Pershina OV, Minakova MY, Suslov NI, Dygai AM.(2003) Possible mechanisms underlying the effect of natural preparations on erythropoiesis under conditions of conflict situation. Bull Exp Biol Med. 2003 Aug;136(2):165-9.

16.Tolonen A, Hohtola A, Jalonen J.(2003) Comparison of electrospray ionization and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization techniques in the analysis of the main constituents from Rhodiola rosea extracts by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. J Mass Spectrom. 2003 Aug;38(8):845-53

17.Tolonen A, Pakonen M, Hohtola A, Jalonen J.(2003) Phenylpropanoid glycosides from Rhodiola rosea. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2003 Apr;51(4):467-70.

18.Han X, Zhang T, Wei Y, Cao X, Ito Y.(2003) Separation of salidroside from Rhodiola crenulata by high-speed counter-current chromatography. J Chromatogr A. 2002 Sep 20;971(1-2):237-41.

19.Iaremii IN, Grigor'eva NF.(2002) Hepatoprotective properties of liquid extract of Rhodiola rosea Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2002 Nov-Dec;65(6):57-9.

20.Rohloff J.(2002) Volatiles from rhizomes of Rhodiola rosea L. Phytochemistry. 2002 Mar;59(6):655-61.

21.Pogorelyi VE, Makarova LM.(2002) Rhodiola rosea extract for prophylaxis of ischemic cerebral circulation disorder Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2002 Jul-Aug;65(4):19-22.

22.Mook-Jung I, Kim H, Fan W, Tezuka Y, Kadota S, Nishijo H, Jung MW.(2002) Neuroprotective effects of constituents of the oriental crude drugs, Rhodiola sacra, R. sachalinensis and Tokaku-joki-to, against beta-amyloid toxicity, oxidative stress and apoptosis. Biol Pharm Bull. 2002 Aug;25(8):1101-4.

23.Kelly GS.(2001) Rhodiola rosea: a possible plant adaptogen. Altern Med Rev. 2001 Jun;6(3):293-302.

24.Ip SP, Che CT, Leung PS.(2001) Association of free radicals and the tissue renin-angiotensin system: prospective effects of Rhodiola, a genus of Chinese herb, on hypoxia-induced pancreatic injury. JOP. 2001 Jan;2(1):16-25.

25.Ganzera M, Yayla Y, Khan IA.(2001) Analysis of the marker compounds of Rhodiola rosea L. (golden root) by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2001 Apr;49(4):465-7.

26.Razina TG, Zueva EP, Amosova EN, Krylova SG.(2000) Medicinal plant preparations used as adjuvant therapeutics in experimental oncology Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2000 Sep-Oct;63(5):59-61.

27.Boon-Niermeijer EK, van den Berg A, Wikman G, Wiegant FA.(2000) Phyto-adaptogens protect against environmental stress-induced death of embryos from the freshwater snail Lymnaea stagnalis. Phytomedicine. 2000 Oct;7(5):389-99.

28.Darbinyan V, Kteyan A, Panossian A, Gabrielian E, Wikman G, Wagner H.(2000) Rhodiola rosea in stress induced fatigue--a double blind cross-over study of a standardized extract SHR-5 with a repeated low-dose regimen on the mental performance of healthy physicians during night duty. Phytomedicine. 2000 Oct;7(5):365-71.

29.Spasov AA, Mandrikov VB, Mironova IA.(2000) The effect of the preparation rodakson on the psychophysiological and physical adaptation of students to an academic load Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2000 Jan-Feb;63(1):76-8.

30.Linh PT, Kim YH, Hong SP, Jian JJ, Kang JS.(2000) Quantitative determination of salidroside and tyrosol from the underground part of Rhodiola rosea by high performance liquid chromatography. Arch Pharm Res. 2000 Aug;23(4):349-52.

31.Spasov AA, Wikman GK, Mandrikov VB, Mironova IA, Neumoin VV.(2000) A double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of the stimulating and adaptogenic effect of Rhodiola rosea SHR-5 extract on the fatigue of students caused by stress during an examination period with a repeated low-dose regimen. Phytomedicine. 2000 Apr;7(2):85-9.

32.Maimeskulova LA, Maslov LN.(1998) The anti-arrhythmia action of an extract of Rhodiola rosea and of n-tyrosol in models of experimental arrhythmias Eksp Klin Farmakol. 1998 Mar-Apr;61(2):37-40.

33.Salikhova RA, Aleksandrova IV, Mazurik VK, Mikhailov VF, Ushenkova LN, Poroshenko GG.(1997) Effect of Rhodiola rosea on the yield of mutation alterations and DNA repair in bone marrow cells Patol Fiziol Eksp Ter. 1997 Oct-Dec(4):22-4.

34.Lishmanov IuB, Naumova AV, Afanas'ev SA, Maslov LN.(1997) Contribution of the opioid system to realization of inotropic effects of Rhodiola rosea extracts in ischemic and reperfusion heart damage in vitro Eksp Klin Farmakol. 1997 May-Jun;60(3):34-6.

35.Maimeskulova LA, Maslov LN, Lishmanov IuB, Krasnov EA.(1997) The participation of the mu-, delta- and kappa-opioid receptors in the realization of the anti-arrhythmia effect of Rhodiola rosea Eksp Klin Farmakol. 1997 Jan-Feb;60(1):38-9.

36.Bocharova OA, Matveev BP, Baryshnikov AIu, Figurin KM, Serebriakova RV, Bodrova NB.(1995) The effect of a Rhodiola rosea extract on the incidence of recurrences of a superficial bladder cancer (experimental clinical research) Urol Nefrol (Mosk). 1995 Mar-Apr(2):46-7.

37.Maslova LV, Kondrat'ev BIu, Maslov LN, Lishmanov IuB.(1994) The cardioprotective and antiadrenergic activity of an extract of Rhodiola rosea in stress Eksp Klin Farmakol. 1994 Nov-Dec;57(6):61-3.

38.Afanas'ev SA, Alekseeva ED, Bardamova IB, Maslova LV, Lishmanov IuB.(1993) Afanas'ev SA, Alekseeva ED, Bardamova IB, Maslova LV, Lishmanov IuB. Biull Eksp Biol Med. 1993 Nov;116(11):480-3.

39.Lishmanov IuB, Maslova LV, Maslov LN, Dan'shina EN.(1993) The anti-arrhythmia effect of Rhodiola rosea and its possible mechanism Biull Eksp Biol Med. 1993 Aug;116(8):175-6.

40.Udintsev SN, Krylova SG, Fomina TI.(1992) The enhancement of the efficacy of adriamycin by using hepatoprotectors of plant origin in metastases of Ehrlich's adenocarcinoma to the liver in mice Vopr Onkol. 1992;38(10):1217-22.

41.Udintsev SN, Shakhov VP, Borovskoi IG.(1991) Mechanism of differential effect of low dose adaptogens on the functional activity of normal and transformed cellular elements in vitro Biofizika. 1991 Jul-Aug;36(4):624-7.

42.Udintsev SN, Shakhov VP.(1990) Changes in clonogenic properties of bone marrow and transplantable mice tumor cells during combined use of cyclophosphane and biological response modifiers of adaptogenic origin Eksp Onkol. 1990;12(6):55-6.

43.Udintsev SN, Shakhov VP.(1989) Decrease in the growth rate of Ehrlich's tumor and Pliss' lymphosarcoma with partial hepatectomy Vopr Onkol. 1989;35(9):1072-5.

44.Lishmanov IuB, Trifonova ZhV, Tsibin AN, Maslova LV, Dement'eva LA.(1987) Plasma beta-endorphin and stress hormones in stress and adaptation Biull Eksp Biol Med. 1987 Apr;103(4):422-4.

45.Dement'eva LA, Iaremenko KV.(1987) Effect of a Rhodiola extract on the tumor process in an experiment Vopr Onkol. 1987;33(7):57-60.

46.Petkov VD, Yonkov D, Mosharoff A, Kambourova T, Alova L, Petkov VV, Todorov I.(1986) Effects of alcohol aqueous extract from Rhodiola rosea L. roots on learning and memory. Acta Physiol Pharmacol Bulg. 1986;12(1):3-16.

47.徐良,中國 GAP 藥材與中藥現代化開發指南:中國名貴藥材規範化栽培與產業化開發新技術( 2001 ),中華人民共和國協和醫科大學出版社。 (Simple Chinese)

48.江蘇新醫學院,中藥大辭典( 1999 ),上海科學技術出版社。 (Simple Chinese)

49 . Majewska A, Hoser G, Furmanowa M, Urbanska N, Pietrosiuk A, Zobel A, Kuras M.(2006) Antiproliferative and antimitotic effect, S phase accumulation and induction of apoptosis and necrosis after treatment of extract from Rhodiola rosea rhizomes on HL-60 cells.J Ethnopharmacol. 2006 Jan 3;103(1):43-52.

50 .Yousef GG, Grace MH, Cheng DM, Belolipov IV, Raskin I, Lila MA.(2006) Comparative phytochemical characterization of three Rhodiola species.Phytochemistry. 2006 Sep 4

51 . Ma G, Li W, Dou D, Chang X, Bai H, Satou T, Li J, Sun D, Kang T, Nikaido T, Koike K.(2006) Rhodiolosides A-E, monoterpene glycosides from Rhodiola rosea.Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2006 Aug;54(8):1229-33.

52 . Petsalo A, Jalonen J, Tolonen A.(2006) Identification of flavonoids of Rhodiola rosea by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.J Chromatogr A. 2006 Apr 21;1112(1-2):224-31.

53 .Ming DS, Hillhouse BJ, Guns ES, Eberding A, Xie S, Vimalanathan S, Towers GH.(2005) Bioactive compounds from Rhodiola rosea (Crassulaceae).Phytother Res. 2005 Sep;19(9):740-3.

54 .Battistelli M, De Sanctis R, De Bellis R, Cucchiarini L, Dacha M, Gobbi P.(2005) Rhodiola rosea as antioxidant in red blood cells: ultrastructural and hemolytic behaviour.Eur J Histochem. 2005 Jul-Sep;49(3):243-54.

55 .Kanupriya, Prasad D, Sai Ram M, Kumar R, Sawhney RC, Sharma SK, Ilavazhagan G, Kumar D, Banerjee PK.(2005) Cytoprotective and antioxidant activity of Rhodiola imbricata against tert-butyl hydroperoxide induced oxidative injury in U-937 human macrophages.Mol Cell Biochem. 2005 Jul;275(1-2):1-6 

56 .Wang Q, Ruan X, Jin ZH, Yan QC, Tu S.(2005) Identification of Rhodiola species by using RP-HPLC.J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2005 Jun;6(6):477-82. 

57 .Tolonen A, Gyorgy Z, Jalonen J, Neubauer P, Hohtola A.(2004) LC/MS/MS identification of glycosides produced by biotransformation of cinnamyl alcohol in Rhodiola rosea compact callus aggregates.Biomed Chromatogr. 2004 Oct;18(8):550-8.

58 .Neuraminidase inhibitory activities of flavonols isolated from Rhodiola rosea roots and their in vitro anti-influenza viral activities.(2009) Jeong HJ, Ryu YB, Park SJ, Kim JH, Kwon HJ, Kim JH, Park KH, Rho MC, Lee WS.Bioorg Med Chem. 2009 Oct 1;17(19):6816-23.

59 .Protection of human cultured cells against oxidative stress by Rhodiola rosea without activation of antioxidant defenses.(2009)Schriner SE, Avanesian A, Liu Y, Luesch H, Jafari M.Free Radic Biol Med. 2009 Sep 1;47(5):577-84. Epub 2009 May 29.

60 .Decreased mitochondrial superoxide levels and enhanced protection against paraquat in Drosophila melanogaster supplemented with Rhodiola rosea.(2009)Schriner SE, Abrahamyan A, Avanessian A, Bussel I, Maler S, Gazarian M, Holmbeck MA, Jafari M.Free Radic Res. 2009 Sep;43(9):836-43.

61 .The effects of Rhodiola rosea extract on 5-HT level, cell proliferation and quantity of neurons at cerebral hippocampus of depressive rats.(2009)Chen QG, Zeng YS, Qu ZQ, Tang JY, Qin YJ, Chung P, Wong R, Hägg U.Phytomedicine. 2009 Sep;16(9):830-8.

62 .Salidroside, the main active compound of Rhodiola plants, inhibits high glucose-induced mesangial cell proliferation.(2009)Yin D, Yao W, Chen S, Hu R, Gao X.Planta Med. 2009 Sep;75(11):1191-5.

63 .Protective effects of salidroside on endothelial cell apoptosis induced by cobalt chloride.(2009)Tan CB, Gao M, Xu WR, Yang XY, Zhu XM, Du GH.Biol Pharm Bull. 2009 Aug;32(8):1359-63.

64 .Antidiabetic potential of Rhodiola sachalinensis root extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.(2009)Gao D, Li Q, Liu Z, Feng J, Li J, Han Z, Duan Y.Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2009 Jul-Aug;31(6):375-81.

65 .Protective effect of salidroside against H(2)O (2)-induced cell apoptosis in primary culture of rat hippocampal neurons.(2009)Chen X, Zhang Q, Cheng Q, Ding F.Mol Cell Biochem. 2009 Jun 25.

66 .Production of Th1- and Th2-dependent cytokines induced by the Chinese medicine herb, Rhodiola algida, on human peripheral blood monocytes.(2009)Li HX, Sze SC, Tong Y, Ng TB. Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Jun 22;123(2):257-66.

67 .Salidroside protects cardiomyocyte against hypoxia-induced death: a HIF-1alpha-activated and VEGF-mediated pathway.(2009)Zhang J, Liu A, Hou R, Zhang J, Jia X, Jiang W, Chen J.Eur J Pharmacol. 2009 Apr 1;607(1-3):6-14.

68 .Monoamine oxidase inhibition by Rhodiola rosea L. roots.(2009)van Diermen D, Marston A, Bravo J, Reist M, Carrupt PA, Hostettmann K.J Ethnopharmacol. 2009 Mar 18;122(2):397-401.

69 .Effects of Rhodiola rosea L. extract on behavioural and physiological alterations induced by chronic mild stress in female rats.(2009)Mattioli L, Funari C, Perfumi M.J Psychopharmacol. 2009 Mar;23(2):130-42. Epub 2008 May 30.

70 .The in vitro and in vivo antiviral effects of salidroside from Rhodiola rosea L. against coxsackievirus B3.(2009)Wang H, Ding Y, Zhou J, Sun X, Wang S.Phytomedicine. 2009 Mar;16(2-3):146-55.

71 .Chronic Rhodiola rosea extract supplementation enforces exhaustive swimming tolerance.(2009)Lee FT, Kuo TY, Liou SY, Chien CT.Am J Chin Med. 2009;37(3):557-72.

72 .Neuroprotective effects of salidroside in the PC12 cell model exposed to hypoglycemia and serum limitation.(2008)Yu S, Liu M, Gu X, Ding F.Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2008 Dec;28(8):1067-78.

73 .Rhodiola crenulata induces death and inhibits growth of breast cancer cell lines.(2008)Tu Y, Roberts L, Shetty K, Schneider SS.J Med Food. 2008 Sep;11(3):413-23.

74 .Protective effects of salidroside against cetaminophen-induced toxicity in mice.(2008)Wu YL, Piao DM, Han XH, Nan JX.Biol Pharm Bull. 2008 Aug;31(8):1523-9.

75 .Salidroside stimulated glucose uptake in skeletal muscle cells by activating AMP-activated protein kinase.Li HB, Ge YK, Zheng XX, Zhang L.Eur J Pharmacol. 2008 Jul 7;588(2-3):165-9.

76 .Aqueous extract of Rhodiola imbricata rhizome inhibits proliferation of an erythroleukemic cell line K-562 by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase.(2008)Mishra KP, Padwad YS, Dutta A, Ganju L, Sairam M, Banerjee PK, Sawhney RC.Immunobiology. 2008;213(2):125-31..

77 .Rhodiola rosea L. extract reduces stress- and CRF-induced anorexia in rats.(2007)Mattioli L, Perfumi M.J Psychopharmacol. 2007 Sep;21(7):742-50.

78 .Protective effects of salidroside on hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells.(2007)Zhang L, Yu H, Sun Y, Lin X, Chen B, Tan C, Cao G, Wang Z.Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Jun 14;564(1-3):18-25.